Significant jumps in prices for basic foodstuffs were not observed during the year, prices were stable. The fluctuations were seasonal, the State Agency for Antimonopoly Regulation said.
The republic’s markets are competitive, and there is no state regulation of prices. The cost of goods is formed under the influence of supply and demand. Regulation is possible only by a government decision for a period of 90 days in case of an increase in price during the month by 20 percent or more.
Prices for wheat on average in the republic were below the level of 2016. If in January 2016 the wheat cost 16.6 soms per kilogram, then in 2017 — 13.7 soms. Now it costs 13.8 soms.
Prices for first grade flour stably kept at the level of 23-25 soms per kilogram. The cost of second grade flour almost didn’t change: in December 2016 — 17.7 soms per kilogram, in 2017 — 17.6 soms.
For the year, bread fell in price by an average of 2.6 soms per kilogram, pasta - by 1.6, pasteurized milk - by 2.7 soms.
At the beginning of the year, the potatoe costed 19-20 soms per kilogram. By the end of 2017, it had risen in price to 23-24 soms.
Prices for sugar also reduced. In 2016-2017, the price for it was at the level of 53-56 soms per kilogram. And since September of 2017 it has decreased to 47 soms.