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UN: Abduction, rape and forced marriages violate rights of women in Kyrgyzstan

Women in Kyrgyzstan suffer grave and systematic violations of their human rights due to a culture of abduction, rape and forced marriage. Report of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women says.

A confidential inquiry was carried out by two designated members of the Committee, Lia Nadaraia and the Theodora Oby Nwankwo, after the Committee received allegations from 14 organizations alleging Kyrgyzstan had committed grave and systematic violations of human rights due to its failure to protect and assist victims and to prosecute and adequately punish perpetrators of «bride kidnapping.»

Members of the UN Committee met in Kyrgyzstan with senior government officials, civil society organizations, academics, religious leaders and dozens of victims of «bride kidnapping,» as the practice is known, in the capital Bishkek, and in the cities of Osh and Karakol.

«We cannot believe that women consent to entering into marriage in the circumstances that surround «bride kidnapping,» such as sexual violence, pressure by the kidnapper and his family, and stigmatization of women escaping such forced unions,» said Lia Nadaraia.

The situation of the victims is further aggravated by the barriers they face in seeking access to justice, including legal illiteracy and bias on the part of the authorities.

The Committee called on Kyrgyzstan to strengthen its legislation and law enforcement, in particular by preventing, investigating, punishing and providing reparation for all crimes of abduction and related sexual violence. The Committee also called on Kyrgyzstan to support and assist victims, and to report back to the Committee in March 2019 with data on the extent of the practice.

Abduction of girls and women for child- or forced marriage should not be accepted as a cultural tradition, but must be prosecuted and punished as a crime that regularly involves rape of the victim.

Lia Nadaraia