«The influx of legal migrants to
According to the authors of the monitoring, the resource of labor from the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (unites
It is specified that amid a decline in the birth rate, migrants have completely stopped compensating for the natural decline in the population. According to Rosstat, for the first half of the year, their influx compensated for losses only by 85.7 percent.
The main reason for the migration outflow is the economic crisis that brought down the cheap labor force market.
But not only difficult economic situation forces the migrant workers to leave
«To attract the migrants and increase their inflow to the labor market, one should try to keep all who came to study in Russia and facilitate their obtaining of citizenship in the conditions of a global competition for qualified personnel,» Liliya Ovcharova, Director of the Institute for Social Policy of the Higher School of Economics, said.
According to the Federal Migration Service, the number of registered migrants decreased by one third, and the number of issued permits reduced by almost half. The sum of remittances from
Until 2014, the average salary of a labor migrant was 25,000-30,000 rubles. He or she exchanged a half of this amount into dollars and sent home. Now the money transfer is at best $ 200 and therefore does not make sense. Many migrants have loans in foreign currency in their homeland. With the current exchange rate of the ruble, it became impossible to pay them.
The devaluation of the ruble and the related drop in incomes make guest workers look for a job in another country.
«A part of the migration flows may flood into