Tomorrow, Bishkek will host the meeting of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council. The day before, 24.kg news agency talked to Mukai Kadyrkulov, member of the board (minister) for customs cooperation of the Eurasian Economic Commission about the results of
— More than a year and a half ago,
-Eurasian economic integration is a priority for
EEU is a
— Why is it important? And is it really an effective tool for protection of own interests?
— The main trading partners of
But one thing is to play by the rules that you defined on a par with everyone, and the other — by those that had been defined without you.
— And what about the opinion that we had joined EEU too early, we had to wait a little?
EEU market is not only a multi-million, but also a highly competitive market. To master it, desire is not enough, it requires a painstaking work of the whole society.
Changes in the structure of the country’s economy were needed. It was necessary to move away from the
— And what are the results?
— We see an expansion of the production component in the economy of the republic. And it is not only in the light industry, but also in agriculture. Customs borders were abolished, information and software assets were upgraded. The modernization of the customs infrastructure, sanitary and veterinary control is being carried out in accordance with the uniform requirements of the
Our citizens can quietly live and work in EEU countries. Kyrgyzstanis no longer need to confirm diplomas, get labor licenses and prove that they speak Russian. And this is a
— So, have only the migrants felt the advantages?
— By no means.
— You had been the head of the Customs Service some time ago. What 2016 achievements of the Eurasian integration could you mention?
— Customs regulation is the sphere of integration in which our countries have achieved the most. At the time of the formation of the union, there were 23 obstacles to the movement of goods on the common market due to the lack of integration in the customs sphere. There are four of them now, a part will disappear after the Customs Code of EEU enters into force.
In 2016, the EEC Customs Unit developed more than 70 regulations aimed at simplifying and accelerating customs procedures, ensuring uniform enforcement practices in EEU. In addition, a number of simplifications have been adopted on the declaration of goods and transport, reduction in the quantity of information that must be included in electronic declarations.
The Eurasian Economic Union has passed the stage of formation and is now perceived in the world economic community as a strong, reliable and long-term player.
Talks on the establishment of customs information exchange with
And, of course, the main result of the year was the completion of work on the Customs Code of EEU. This is the second most important document after the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union.
— The document has managed to make a lot of noise…
— It is not surprising. The Code became the first
All norms directly related to customs regulation and movement of goods will now work in the same way in all countries of the
— What is also new in the Customs Code?
— It is completely focused on electronic technologies. We retain paper format only where it is simply unprofitable. It is, for example, declaration of goods, transported by citizens for personal use. The new Code has foundation for the full introduction of «single window» mechanism in the system of regulation of the foreign economic activity.
Decisions on registration of a declaration for goods, registration, decisions on the release of goods will be issued automatically by the information systems in fact without participation of an inspector.
Decisions on additional checks, form of their conducting will also be taken by a computer, not by a person. It’s faster. And we actually mitigate the human factor risk.
New technologies will reduce the time of the release of goods at least six times. These are not just slogans. The new Code already states that the goods must be released within four hours since the registration of the declaration.
One of the most striking articles of the new Code, developed in close cooperation with business, is the improved institute of the authorized economic operator. We consider them as reliable partners of the state. Therefore, we are ready to present this category of business very serious simplifications in the work.
— You told about the work of the business on the Customs Code of EEU. Is such an openness of EEC an experiment or a standard practice?
— The Commission works extremely openly. The business of all five countries of the
Draft decisions of the commission, directly influencing the interests of business, necessarily undergo a regulatory impact assessment. If we receive substantive comments or suggestions, the draft is sent for revision. Thus, we do not make any decisions without the consent of the business.