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Food security. What products does Kyrgyzstan lack?

The UN World Food Program in the Kyrgyz Republic, the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation of the Kyrgyz Republic, and the National Institute for Strategic Studies have developed a unique online tool for mapping food security in the country. The map can be found at the link.

The Food Security Atlas — an interactive online map — provides a comprehensive analysis of all components of food security across regions.

According to UN WFP Country Director Andrea Bagnoli, a comprehensive analysis of food security and nutrition will help to better understand the needs of the population, especially the most vulnerable groups, and take timely measures.

The atlas presents an analysis of the production of the main nine food products that form the country’s food security — wheat, meat, milk, eggs, potatoes, fruits and vegetables, sugar and vegetable oil.

Kyrgyzstan has to import wheat from Kazakhstan and Russia because of the low gluten content in domestic wheat.

Only 7 percent of the total available land is arable.

Since 1994, Kyrgyzstan has been independently covering the need for potatoes. There is no problem with vegetables. Surpluses are exported.

Sugar production declined significantly from 2008 to 2015. At least 143,000 tons of sugar is produced annually, which is not enough to meet the domestic needs of the country.

Commercial egg production is concentrated mainly in the northern part of the country.

Cattle breeding is a key part of the livelihood of the rural population due to the abundance of pastures. Most regions of the country produce more meat than is necessary for their own consumption. The country annually produces 94,400 tons of milk. Vegetable oil production is low, so the country relies on imports.

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